News | November 19, 2008

Littelfuse Ground Fault Relay Increases Safety For Personnel And Equipment While Avoiding Nuisance Trips

GFR009HR Littelfuse Ground Fault Relay Increases Safety For Personnel And Equipment While Avoiding Nuisance Trips

DES PLAINES, Ill.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Littelfuse, Inc. (NASDAQ:LFUS) today announced its RCD300M2 Differential Current Relay, designed to improve worker safety and protect equipment from dangerous electrical ground faults. To avoid nuisance tripping that occurs with conventional ground fault relays, maintenance workers tend to increase trip points above sensitive levels. However, this defeats the purpose of having a ground fault relay that is sensitive enough to protect workers from potentially life-threatening electric shock or Arc-Flash incidents. The RCD300M2 solves this problem by using unique technology that provides highly sensitive protection while avoiding nuisance trips and unnecessary equipment shutdown.

The new ground fault relay also provides features for automated monitoring and control in power distribution panels, switchboard installations, municipal utilities, elevators, new construction sites, and similar applications. The RCD300M2 ground fault relay features include an adjustable time delay (0-1.5s), fault indicator LEDs, and signal output to drive either a remote meter or PLC (programmable logic controller). This output gives the RCD300M2 both protective and predictive capabilities – leakages can be seen as they develop, and ground faults can be detected before they become critical.

Importance of Ground Fault Protection

Ground faults are unintended conductive paths from a high potential line to ground, allowing electrical currents to pass through sensitive equipment components, or through personnel who touch the equipment housing. In either case, the results can be devastating.

Ninety percent of all ground faults occur slowly due to dust buildup, moisture ingress, vibration, cable chaffing, or chemical and corrosive vapors, which lead to earth-leakage or residual-current ground faults that escalate to high current levels. Typically, each year there are about 150 fires and explosions in commercial and industrial buildings caused by electrical grounding failures, with an average loss of more $575,000 per event (per FM Global). The worst of these are often dangerous Arc-Flash events.

How It Protects

The RCD300M2 ground fault relay is connected to a Littelfuse WKE Series current transformer (CT), and together they sense the fault current. Advanced filtering techniques are used to differentiate between fault current and typical noise or harmonic current. If the fault current exceeds the relay trip setting, it activates and sends a signal to disconnect high potential from the equipment. Seven different CT sizes are available for a wide range of wire gages and applications. In addition, the RCD300M2 can operate in a fail-safe mode by continuously checking the CT connection. If the CT circuit is broken, the RCD300M2 illuminates the "CT Fault" lamp and activates its disconnect relay, just as if a ground fault had occurred.

Other Specifications
Adjustable Trip Setting: 10mA to 3A
Relay Supply Voltage: 24V AC/DC, or 120VAC, 50-60 Hz
Two Form C Alarm Relay Contacts:

  • 1100VA switching capacity (closure)
  • 5A continuous current
  • 250V rating

Breaking Capacity:
  • 3A @ 240VAC (P.F. = 0.4)
  • 0.3A @ 110VDC (resistive load)


Samples of the RCD300M2 are available from stock. OEM quantity orders typically ship 1-3 weeks ARO.

For More Information on the RCD300M2 ground fault relay, or any of Littelfuse's circuit protection devices, visit the Littelfuse website at, or call the Littelfuse Technical Support line at 1-800-999-9445.

About Littelfuse – As the worldwide leader in circuit protection products and solutions with annual sales of $536.1 million in 2007, the Littelfuse portfolio is backed by industry leading technical support, design and manufacturing expertise. Littelfuse products are vital components in virtually every product that uses electrical energy, including automobiles, computers, consumer electronics, handheld devices, industrial equipment, and telecom/datacom circuits. The POWR-GARD business unit specializes in fuses for construction and industrial applications. POWR-GARD offers a full line of fuses, ground fault relays and electrical safety services to enhance the protection of workers and equipment from electrical incidents. For more information, please visit Littelfuse's Web site at

"Safe Harbor" Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: Any forward looking statements contained herein involve risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, product demand and market acceptance risks, the effect of economic conditions, the impact of competitive products and pricing, product development and patent protection, commercialization and technological difficulties, capacity and supply constraints or difficulties, exchange rate fluctuations, actual purchases under agreements, the effect of the company's accounting policies, and other risks which may be detailed in the company's Securities and Exchange Commission filings.

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